Diagram Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus has different courses of pathophysiology because of it has several types. Insulin is secreted by beta cells in the pancreas and it is an anabolic hormone. When we consume food, insulin moves glucose from blood to muscle, liver, and fat cells as insulin level increases.
The two types of diabetes mellitus are differentiated based on their causative factors, clinical course, and management. Diabetes Mellitus has different courses of pathophysiology because of it has several types.
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. Type 1 diabetes mellitus is characterized by destruction of the pancreatic beta cells. A common underlying factor in the development of type 1 diabetes is a genetic susceptibility. Destruction of beta cells leads to a decrease in insulin production, unchecked glucose production by the liver and fasting hyperglycemia.