Internal Structure Of Human Stomach Visual

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Internal Structure Of Human Stomach Visual

Internal Structure Of Human Stomach Visual

The human stomach, a key organ in the digestive system, is a complex structure with several distinct regions and layers. It plays a crucial role in the digestion of food and absorption of nutrients.

Location and Structure

The stomach is located in the upper abdomen on the left side of the body. It is a J-shaped organ that spans the region between the cardiac and pyloric orifices of the gastrointestinal tract. The stomach’s convex lateral surface is known as the greater curvature, while the concave medial border is the lesser curvature.

Parts of the Stomach

The stomach comprises four major regions:
1. Cardia: The area around the opening where the esophagus connects to the stomach.
2. Fundus: The dome-shaped part located to the left of the cardia.
3. Body: The main, central region of the stomach.
4. Pylorus: The lower part of the stomach that connects to the duodenum.

Layers of the Stomach

The stomach wall consists of several layers:
1. Mucosa: The innermost layer, which produces enzymes and acids for digestion.
2. Submucosa: Contains connective tissue, blood vessels, lymph vessels, and nerve cells.
3. Muscularis Externa: The primary muscle of the stomach, responsible for churning and mixing food.
4. Serosa: The outermost layer, a membrane that covers the stomach.

Function of the Stomach

The stomach’s primary function is to digest food and send it to the small intestine. It temporarily stores food, contracts and relaxes to mix and break down food, and produces enzymes and other specialized cells to digest food. The stomach works in conjunction with the rest of the gastrointestinal tract to break down food and liquid, absorb nutrients and water, and expel waste products of digestion through the large intestine.

Blood Supply and Innervation

The stomach receives its blood supply mainly from the celiac trunk. Innervation is provided via the vagus nerves and the celiac plexus.

Microscopic Anatomy

The inner part of the stomach lining, the gastric mucosa, consists of an outer layer of column-shaped cells, a lamina propria, and a thin layer of smooth muscle called the muscularis mucosa. Beneath the mucosa lies the submucosa, consisting of fibrous connective tissue.

In conclusion, the human stomach is a complex organ with a detailed internal structure. Its various parts and layers work together to perform the essential function of digesting food and absorbing nutrients, making it a vital component of the human digestive system..

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