Asthma symptoms in infants and young children In young children, cough is often the only symptom of asthma. Asthma symptoms generally include coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath, but asthma symptoms vary widely among children.
Asthma is managed by controlling inflammation with drugs, avoiding triggers when possible and using medications to treat asthma attacks. Diagnosing and managing asthma in children under age 5 can be difficult. In infants and young children, the primary symptoms of asthma — wheezing and coughing — may be caused by other conditions.
In some children, unmanaged asthma can cause dangerous asthma attacks. Childhood asthma isn’t a different disease from asthma in adults, but children face unique challenges. The condition is a leading cause of emergency department visits, hospitalizations and missed school days.