Abdominal Organs

Abdominal Organs diagram and chart - Human body anatomy diagrams and charts with labels. This diagram depicts Abdominal Organs. Human anatomy diagrams show internal organs, cells, systems, conditions, symptoms and sickness information and/or tips for healthy living. This body anatomy diagram is great for learning about human health, is best for medical students, kids and general education.

Abdominal Organs

Abdominal Organs

abdominal organs. The abdomen, that central region of our body, houses a complex network of vital structures. These organs work in harmony to perform essential functions like digestion, filtration, and waste elimination. Here’s an overview of the key players within this intricate system:

1. Liver:
– The liver is the body’s largest internal organ, nestled just below the diaphragm on the right side.
– It acts as a filtration system, removing toxins and waste products from the blood.
– The liver produces bile, which aids in the digestion and absorption of fats and fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, and K).
– Beneath the liver lies the gallbladder, a small sac that stores excess bile until it’s needed for digestion.

2. Stomach:
– Located directly below the liver, the stomach serves as a temporary storage site for food.
– Here, food mixes with digestive juices, including hydrochloric acid, electrolytes, and enzymes like pepsin.
– The stomach’s muscular walls churn and break down the food further before it moves into the small intestine.

3. Pancreas:
– The pancreas is a gland with dual roles: endocrine and exocrine.
– It produces enzymes that aid in digesting proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.
– Additionally, the pancreas secretes hormones (like insulin) that regulate nutrient distribution, including sugar levels.

4. Small Intestine:
– The small intestine dominates the abdominal cavity, stretching about 21 feet.
– Here, the bulk of digestion occurs. It breaks down fats, starches, and proteins into absorbable components.
– Nutrient absorption happens primarily in the small intestine, where the final breakdown products enter the bloodstream.

5. Large Intestine (Colon):
– Despite its name, the large intestine is shorter (around five feet) than the small intestine but wider.
– It consists of the cecum, colon, and rectum.
– The large intestine absorbs water and electrolytes, forming feces for eventual elimination.

6. Kidneys:
– Positioned behind the intestines, the kidneys play a crucial role in filtering blood.
– Each kidney contains about a million tiny filtering units called nephrons.
– These nephrons remove waste products and excess water, maintaining fluid balance and regulating blood pressure.

7. Adrenal Glands:
– Directly atop the kidneys sit the suprarenal (adrenal) glands.
– These glands are part of the endocrine system and secrete hormones.
– The adrenal cortex produces hormones related to sodium balance and sexual function, while the adrenal medulla releases adrenaline.

8. Ureters:
– The ureters are slender tubes connecting the kidneys to the urinary bladder.
– They transport urine, which contains waste products, from the kidneys to the bladder.

9. Rib Cage:
– The ribs form the protective cage around these abdominal organs.
– There are 12 pairs of ribs, attaching to the spine and enclosing vital structures.
– The upper seven pairs, known as “true” ribs, connect directly to the sternum.

In summary, the abdominal cavity hosts a symphony of organs, each playing a unique role in maintaining our health. From digestion to waste elimination, this intricate system ensures our survival and well-being..

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